U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-002
Geological Framework Data from Long Island Sound, 1981-1990:
A Digital Data Release
Since 1980 the Coastal and Marine Geology Program of the U.S. Geological Survey and Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection have conducted a joint program of cooperative geologic research in Long Island Sound and its vicinity. As part of this program, a highly successful regional-scale study of the geologic framework was completed. Reconnaissance high-resolution seismic reflection data were collected and used to establish the basic stratigraphy within the Sound and to map the major geologic units (Needell and Lewis, 1984; Lewis and Needell, 1987; Needell and others, 1987); field verification of the geologic interpretations of the seismic profiles was primarily accomplished with vibratory cores (Williams, 1981; Thomas, 1985; Neff and others, 1989). These interpretations were in turn used to produce basin-wide syntheses of the late Quaternary depositional history (Lewis and Stone, 1991; Stone and others, 1998; Lewis and DiGiacomo-Cohen, 2000).
Unfortunately, the original seismic records and core logs were generated only in analog form. These unique paper documents, which are still under demand for industrial applications and academic research, are fragile and have become ragged from frequent use. The purpose of this report is to preserve these data by converting the seismic profiles, core descriptions, and ancillary reports into digital form, and to organize these files into a product that can be more readily accessed and disseminated.
Not all of the existing high-resolution seismic-reflection surveys, collected in Long Island Sound through cooperatives with the U.S. Geological Survey and the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, have been incorporated into this report. These surveys, whose records are still in need of preprocessing and annotation, generally cover smaller areas along the Connecticut coast and were originally intended to provide additional detail to the larger, more regional data sets presented herein. The digital release of the omitted data sets is planned as part of a future product.