USGS
Equipment
Data Acquistion Equipment

Sidescan-Sonar and
Chirp Subbottom Towfish:




Datasonics model SIS-1000 (100 kHz)
Data Collection Platform:



Triton Elics International ISIS

Specifications for the Chirp
subbottom profiler portion of the SIS-1000:

(for more information, see Benthos, Inc.)
Transducer: Transmit projector array; line array receiving hydrophone; 30-degree conical rotation pattern
Frequency: 2kHz to 7kHz swept FM (4KW output), synchronous with sidescan-sonar
Resolution: 10 cm
Processing: Calibrated transmit waveform stored in ROM, matched filter FFT signal processing
Scale Selection: 25 meters to 750 meters full scale

Tow Vehicle Specifications:
Depth Rating: 1000 meters
Vehicle Dimensions: 18 inches OD x 64 inches long
Weight: in air: 300lbs; in water: 170lbs
Specifications for the ISIS Acquisition System:
(for more information, see Triton Elics International)

Windows 95 based Pentium machine
Saves sidescan-sonar data via network interface or on an Exabyte 8200 tape subsystem
Will accept up to 5 channels of data
Serial I/O ports (i.e., for navigation)
Parallel (Centronics) ports for printing the sidescan-sonar data
Array processor handling the digitized sidescan-sonar signal
12 bit analog to digital converter OR:
DSP card for digital signals
The topside data acquisition computer the USGS uses to collect and store the digital signal is the ISIS system, which runs under the Windows 95 operating system and is built by Triton Elics International, Inc., Watsonville, CA using a 12-bit (72 db effective dynamic range) A/D converter in conjunction with an array processor. ISIS is capable of digitizing up to four channels of information at aggregate rates of up to 750 kHz, thus preserving the content and the dynamic range of the sidescan-sonar signal. An installed Digital Signal Processing (DSP) board is an alternative to handling signals digitized at the towfish (SIS-1000). Port and starboard sidescan-sonar data are displayed in real-time on a high-resolution color display (1280 x 1024 pixels). Telemetry from navigation systems and the towfish, including full towfish attitude information, is displayed in separate windows. The backup data storage media used is 8 mm Exabyte tape.  The USGS WHFC is currently recording directly to disk on separate computer systems using the Network File System (NFS) protocol and archiving the data to DVD-ROM.