CON_1M - Bathymetric Contours within the inner shelf of Long Bay, South Carolina (1 meter interval: Polyline)

Metadata also available as - [Questions & Answers] - [XML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
CON_1M - Bathymetric Contours within the inner shelf of Long Bay, South Carolina (1 meter interval: Polyline)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2005-1346
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1346/arcgis/bathy/con_1m.zip>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Baldwin, W.E.
Originator: Denny, J.F.
Originator: Schwab, W.C.
Originator: Gayes, P.T.
Originator: Morton, R.A.
Originator: Driscoll, N.W.
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Geologic Framework Studies of South Carolina's Long Bay from Little River Inlet to Winyah Bay, 1999-2003; geospatial data release
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2005-1346
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1346/>
Description:
Abstract:
In 1999, the USGS, in partnership with the South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium, began a study to investigate processes affecting shoreline change along the northern coast of South Carolina, focusing on the Grand Strand region. Previous work along the U.S. Atlantic coast shows that the structure and composition of older geologic strata located seaward of the coast heavily influences the coastal behavior of areas with limited sediment supply, such as the Grand Strand. By defining this geologic framework and identifying the transport pathways and sinks of sediment, geoscientists are developing conceptual models of the present-day physical processes shaping the South Carolina coast. The primary objectives of this research effort are: 1) to provide a regional synthesis of the shallow geologic framework underlying the coastal upland, shoreface and inner continental shelf, and define its role in coastal evolution and modern beach behavior; 2) to identify and model the physical processes affecting coastal ocean circulation and sediment transport, and to define their role in shaping the modern shoreline; and 3) to identify sediment sources and transport pathways; leading to construction of a regional sediment budget.

Purpose:
This data set contains 1 meter contours generated from the swath bathymetric data collected between 1999 and 2003. These data are used to define the sea-floor morphology offshore of the Grand Strand, South Carolina.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1999
Ending_Date: 2003
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -79.157353
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -78.520183
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 33.854991
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 33.191807
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHSC
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: swath bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: interferometry
Theme_Keyword: sea-floor morphology
Theme_Keyword: 1 meter contours
Theme_Keyword: polyline shapefile
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: oceans and coastal
Theme_Keyword: oceans and estuaries
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Theme_Keyword: boundary
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Place_Keyword: South Carolina
Place_Keyword: Grand Strand
Place_Keyword: North Myrtle Beach
Place_Keyword: Myrtle Beach
Place_Keyword: Surfside
Place_Keyword: Garden City
Place_Keyword: Pawleys Island
Place_Keyword: Waites Island
Place_Keyword: Southeast United States
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data are NOT to be used for navigation. Public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1346/images/con_1m.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: color coded image of bathymetry
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.1.0.780

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
These data are internally consistent and have been compared to multibeam and single-beam bathymetric surveys to check for accuracy. Any differences between this bathymetric data set and others were determined to be within acceptable error given the inherent differences in the various bathymetric data sets (i.e. acquisition system, mode of navigation, density of point, and or swath bathymetry).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
These data were checked for consistency by plotting the point data with the contoured surface and eliminating spurious and anomalous soundings. No additional checks for topological consistency were performed on these data.
Completeness_Report:
The data contain 1-meter bathymetric contours generated from the bathymetric grid. They contain all data collected during USGS field efforts offshore of Myrtle Beach, SC 1999 2003.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
DGPS is assumed to be accurate within 1-2 meters. Standard GPS is assumed accurate within 5-10 meters. 99% of the positional data is DGPS. Unless noted, all GPS/DGPS data is referenced to WGS84 (NAD83). The configuration of the fathometer is as follows: The fathometer is mounted on either the port or starboard side of the vessel. Offset between the sidemount and GPS antennae is measured. No measurements were taken of ship's pitch, yaw, heave, or change in draft due to water and fuel usage. Motion of the fathometer is not measured. Horizontal accuracy of the fathometer is assumed to be within 3 meters.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Ship motion was recorded with a TSS DMS 2-05 Attitude Sensor, mounted directly above the SEA SwathPlus transducers. Navigation was recorded using a Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS). The interferometric sonar is an angle-measuring system; depth accuracy decreases with increasing horizontal range. The combined angular accuracy of the SwathPlus system and the TSS DMS 2-05 attitude sensor is documented as 0.1 degrees. Assuming a constant angular accuracy, and using the International Hydrographic Standard (IHO) of a required 0.3 meter accuracy in < 30 meter water depth, all data collected within the survey fall within the IHO accuracy standards. However, vertical accuracy is also directly affected by the accuracy of both the navigation system and tidal measurements.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Bathymetric data were corrected for variations in the speed of sound throughout the water column; sound velocity profiles were acquired throughout the survey area using an Applied MicroSystems SVPlus Sound Velocimeter. These data were downloaded and reformatted to the required format needed for use within University of New Brunswick's Ocean Mapping Group (OMG) SwathEd multibeam processing software. The raw Submetrix 2000 Series data were "unraveled" and reformatted into the OMG format. This process creates several files on disk:
1) bathymetric soundings 2) raw sidescan-sonar backscatter 3) navigation 4) parameter files describing the configuration of the system (i.e. offsets between motion reference unit and GPS antenna, etc).
This process also incorporates the sound velocity profiles in order to properly trace the rays given the structure of the water column.
Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The OMG formatted bathymetric data were then graphically edited using the SwathEd multibeam processing software. This enabled editing on a "ping-by-ping" basis, both in the across- and along-track dimension. Spurious or erroneous data were removed. The navigation data were also graphically examined for each line of data.
Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Navigation data output during the unravel were reformatted for entry into MATLAB. The time of day and position were used to extract the tidal elevation from within the ADCIRC circulation model. The ADCIRC circulation model is referenced to Mean Sea Level. Verified tidal data from the NOAA tidal gauge at SpringMaid Pier, SC were downloaded, referenced to Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW). A low-pass filter was applied to the NOAA tide data; the residual was assumed to represent the wind component of sea surface elevations. Tidal elevation (output from ADCIRC) and wind component (NOAA tide station) represent total variation in surface elevations. These data were then written to an ASCII file and reformatted to OMG format for use within SwathEd. The tidal data were then written into the headers of the OMG formatted files, using the 'mergedTide' command.
(SwathEd Commands:
binTide -year XXX adcirc_wind.txt tide.bin mergeTide -tide tide.bin *.merged
)
SwathEd Software was used to grid the bathymetric data at 20 m grid cell size utilizing the 'weigh_grid' command.
weigh_grid -omg -butter -power 2 -cutoff 10 -lambda 2.5 Grid *.merged
The gridded data were then viewed using the SwathEd Jview Command. The PatchTool was used to assess the roll misalignment of the data; slight roll misalignment artifacts were visible in the gridded data. The PatchTool is a QC tool to assess the degree to which the head (transducers and MRU) needs to be 'rolled' to achieve the proper alignment. QC was also preformed on the navigation. Edits were made as necessary. After the needed adjustments were recorded, the configuration and navigation were remerged with the OMG bathymetric data using the mergeNav and mergeAtt commands.
mergeNav -use_params 0 -nav *.nav -swath *.merged)
The remerged data were regridded for a second round of QC. The roll misalignment artifacts were no longer visible in the gridded data.
The bathymetric data to this point have been edited, navigation, edited, tidal elevations relative to MLLW incorporated in the data, sound velocity corrections applied, and roll misalignment rectified. Next the data need to be interpolated to generate a continuous bathymetric surface.
The SwathEd 'make_blank' command was used to generate a 20 meter grid for the survey area. The OMG formatted bathymetric files were then written into the 20 meter grid using the 'weigh_grid' command. Due to noise within the far range of the sonar signal, the 'max_incidence' parameter was used. This essentially limits the across track data range of the data; thus elimination noise.
(weigh_grid -omg -butter -power 2 -cutoff 20 -lambda 10 -max_incidence 60 Grid *.merged)
The 20 meter gridded data were then exported to an xyz ASCII file.
(r4toASCII -utm -merid -81 20m_grd 20m.xyz)
Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The 20m xyz ASCII data were then imported into Geographic Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS). A spline with tension and directionality interpolation routine was used in order to generate a continuous bathymetric surface from the interferometric sonar data. After many iterations, the gridding parameters resulting in a gridded dataset with the least amount of visible artifacts were as follows:
s.surf.rst input=20m.xyz elev=grid100m field=1 tension=200 dmin=20 theta=45 scalex=0.5 smooth=2
A smoothing filter (comparable to a median/mean filter) was applied to the dataset.
Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The final grid was then exported as an ESRI Binary Grid.
r.out.arc in=grid100m out=grid100m.asc
The exported data were then imported to ArcGIS 9.0 using the ASCIItoGRID command. The projection was then defined: UTM, zone 17 projection, WGS84 Ellipsoid.
Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
1 meter contours were generated by contouring the bathymetric grid. Manual edits were made where necessary.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: bathy_grd
Process_Date: 2004
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: con_1m.dbf
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: con_1m.shp
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: con_1m.shx
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: String
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 215

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000128
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000128
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Mean lower low water
Depth_Resolution: 1
Depth_Distance_Units: meters
Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: con_1m
Entity_Type_Definition: 1 meter contour interval
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ID
Attribute_Definition: Internal ID
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 215
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: integer count
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 1
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CONTOUR
Attribute_Definition: Contour label
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -13
Range_Domain_Maximum: -3
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute_Measurement_Resolution: 1

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Although all data have been used by the USGS, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: SHP
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS 9.0
Format_Specification: ESRI Polyline Shapefile
Format_Information_Content: Shapefile contains 1 meter bathymetric contours
File_Decompression_Technique: none
Transfer_Size: 0.091
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1346/arcgis/bathy/con_1m.zip>
Access_Instructions: Data can be downloaded via the World Wide Web (WWW)
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: Gbytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: none
Technical_Prerequisites:
These data are available in Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) polyline shapefile format. The user must have ArcGIS or ArcView 3.0 or greater software to read and process the data file. In lieu of ArcView or ArcGIS, the user may utilize another GIS application package capable of importing the data. A free data viewer, ArcExplorer, capable of displaying the data is available from ESRI at www.esri.com.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070123
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 508-548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 508-457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile


Generated by mp version 2.9.2 on Tue Mar 06 14:47:06 2007