H11321_1M_SSS_GEO_STR.TIF: Stretched Sidescan-Sonar Image of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Survey H11321 in Central Rhode Island Sound (Geographic)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
H11321_1M_SSS_GEO_STR.TIF: Stretched Sidescan-Sonar Image of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Survey H11321 in Central Rhode Island Sound (Geographic)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2007-1366
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage:
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1366/data/sidescan/geo/h11321_1m_sss_geo_str/h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.zip>
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1366/html/catalog.html>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: K.Y. McMullen
Originator: L.J. Poppe
Originator: J.F. Denny
Originator: T.A. Haupt
Originator: J.M. Crocker
Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Sidescan-Sonar Imagery and Surficial Geologic Interpretations of the Sea Floor in Central Rhode Island Sound
Edition: 1.0
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2007-1366
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1366/>
Description:
Abstract:
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is working cooperatively with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to interpret the surficial geology in estuaries along the coast of the northeastern United States. The purpose of our present study is to define the sea floor morphology and sedimentary environments in an area of Rhode Island Sound using sidescan-sonar imagery, multibeam bathymetry, and seismic records. The mosaic, bathymetry, and their interpretations serve many purposes, including: (1) defining the geological variability of the sea floor, which is one of the primary controls of benthic habitat diversity; (2) improving our understanding of the processes that control the distribution and transport of bottom sediments and their distribution of benthic habitats and associated infaunal community structures; and (3) providing a detailed framework for future research, monitoring, and management activities. The sidescan-sonar mosaics and bathymetry images also serve as base maps for subsequent sedimentological, geochemical, and biological observations, because precise information on environmental setting is important for selection of sampling sites and for accurate interpretations of point measurements.
Purpose:
This GIS overlay is a component of the H11321 Survey, Rhode Island Sound, GIS database and contains the completed enhanced sidescan-sonar mosaic for the study area. Light tones represent relatively harder returns, higher backscatter, and generally coarser sediments. Dark tones represent relatively softer returns, lower backscatter, and generally finer grained sediments.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: May 18, 2004
Ending_Date: July 7, 2004
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.367293
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -71.188533
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.367756
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.270672
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHSC
Theme_Keyword: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Theme_Keyword: NOAA
Theme_Keyword: NOAA Ship RUDE
Theme_Keyword: GeoTIFF
Theme_Keyword: sidescan-sonar mosaic
Theme_Keyword: image
Theme_Keyword: gray-scale image
Theme_Keyword: backscatter
Theme_Keyword: Open-File Report 2007-1366
Theme_Keyword: OFR 2007-1366
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: oceans and estuaries
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: oceans and coastal
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Place_Keyword: Rhode Island Sound
Place_Keyword: Rhode Island
Place_Keyword: northeast United States
Place_Keyword: U.S. East Coast
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: North Atlantic Ocean
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Public domain data are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as the originators of this dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Katherine McMullen
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Sediment Lab Technician
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kmcmullen@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1366/data/sidescan/geo/h11321_1m_sss_geo_str/h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.gif>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Overview of stretched sidescan-sonar mosaic of NOAA Survey H11321 in geographic
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2.4.1420
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W.W. Danforth
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Xsonar/ShowImage: A Complete System for Rapid Sidescan-Sonar Processing and Display
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 97-686
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: There are no attributes associated with a GeoTIFF image.
Completeness_Report:
All collected data were processed and used to generate the digital mosaic.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Navigation was by differential GPS.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Title: raw sidescan-sonar data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: raw sidescan-sonar data
Source_Contribution:
Original sidescan-sonar data acquired during National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Survey H11321.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The data for this survey were acquired in XTF (extended Triton data format) using a high-resolution Klein 5500. The Klein 5500 tow fish emits five beams on each side of the ship track and transmits at 455 kHz. The sidescan-sonar data were digitally recorded in XTF format using an ISIS data acquisition software package.
Process_Date: 2004
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: XTF sidescan-sonar data
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Atlantic Hydrographic Branch, NOAA
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 439 West York Street
City: Norfolk
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 23510
Country: USA
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
All sidescan-sonar data were processed using USGS sidescan-sonar processing software packages XSonar and ShowImage. A median filtering routine was applied to the sidescan-sonar data to remove speckle noise. Sonar data were further processed to correct for slant-range and radiometric distortion inherent in the sonar data. Sonar data were corrected for layback. All processed data were mosaicked using XSonar, resulting in an enhanced, geographically correct, sidescan-sonar mosaic with 1 meter/pixel resolution. The composite mosaic was converted to a TIFF image using the following LINUX commands:

rawtopgm -headerskip 80 14700 10400 mosaic.ras | pnmtotiff - > mosaic.tif

An associated TIFF world file was then created using GeoTiff Examiner

Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: XTF sidescan-sonar data
Process_Date: 2007
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: H11321_sonar.tif
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: H11321_sonar.tfw
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The TIFF image was then imported into Adobe Photoshop CS2 in order to apply a linear stretch (i.e. increase the dynamic range of the data) to the image.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: H11321_sonar.tif
Process_Date: 2007
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: H11321_sonar_str.tif
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jane Denny
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2311
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jdenny@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The TIFF image was converted from UTM Zone 19 NAD83 to geographic WGS84 using transformation 1 with ArcToolbox Project Raster Tool. ArcGIS 9.2.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: H11321_sonar_str.tif
Process_Date: 2007
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.tif
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Katherine McMullen
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Sediment Lab Technician
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kmcmullen@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Background (NoData) of TIFF was selected with magic wand in Adobe Photoshop 5.0 Limited Edition and filled with white to set NoData value as 255.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.tif
Process_Date: 2008
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.tif
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Katherine McMullen
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Sediment Lab Technician
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kmcmullen@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Geographic information from the world file was written into TIFF using GeoTiffExamine.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.tif
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.tfw
Process_Date: 2008
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.tif
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Katherine McMullen
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Sediment Lab Technician
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kmcmullen@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 10800
Column_Count: 19886
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000000
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000000
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Planar:
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000009
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000009
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ObjectID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Count

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lawrence Poppe
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2314
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lpoppe@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data: 1-m sidescan-sonar image of Survey H11321
Distribution_Liability:
Although this data set has been used by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by the USGS or NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS or NOAA in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: TIFF
Format_Specification: GeoTIFF
Format_Information_Content:
A zip file containing the GeoTIFF image, world file and accompanying metadata files.
File_Decompression_Technique: zip archive
Transfer_Size: 0.000
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1366/data/sidescan/geo/h11321_1m_sss_geo_str/h11321_1m_sss_geo_str.zip>
Network_Resource_Name: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1366/html/catalog.html>
Access_Instructions: Data are downloadable via the World Wide Web (WWW).
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD-ROM
Recording_Capacity:
Recording_Density: 4.75
Recording_Density_Units: Gbytes
Recording_Format: UDF
Fees: None
Technical_Prerequisites:
This image is available as a GeoTIFF image with an accompanying world file. To utilize this data, the user must have an image viewer, image processing or GIS software package capable of importing a GeoTIFF image.
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2008

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20080115
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Katherine McMullen
Contact_Position: Sediment Lab Technician
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2277
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: kmcmullen@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.8.6 on Tue Jan 15 11:23:46 2008