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Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

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Kathryn M. Scanlon

Marine Geologist
~
U.S. Geological Survey
Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Quissett Campus, 384 Woods Hole Rd.
Woods Hole, MA  02543
FAX: (508)457-2310
Telephone: (508)457-2323
Email: kscanlon@usgs.gov

Kathy at sea

Education


Current Research Interests

Inter-relationships between seafloor geology and biological communities in benthic marine habitats, especially:


Selected Recent Publications

Coleman, F.C., Scanlon, K.M., and Koenig, C.C., 2011, Groupers on the Edge: Shelf-edge Spawning Habitat in and Around Marine Reserves of the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Professional Geographer, p.1-18.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00330124.2011.585076

Waller, R.G., Scanlon, K.M., and Robinson, L.F., 2011, Cold-water coral distributions in the Drake Passage area from towed camera observations – initial interpretations. PLoS-One v.6, iss.1, p. 1-9. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0016153

Scanlon, K.M., Waller, R.G., Sirotek, A.R., Knisel, J.M., O’Malley,  J.J., and Alesandrini, S., 2010, USGS Cold-Water Coral Geographic Database – Gulf of Mexico and Western North Atlantic, Version 1.0, U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report OF2008- 1351. (Dir. App. 15Jul10) http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1351/title_page.html

Coleman, F.C., Koenig, C.C. Scanlon, K.M., Heppell, Scott, Heppell, Selina, and Miller, M., 2010, Benthic habitat modification through excavation by red grouper Epinephelus morio in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. The Open Fish Science Journal, v.3 p.1-15. http://www.marinelab.fsu.edu/faculty/papers/1TOFISHSJ.pdf

UNESCO, 2009, Global Open Oceans and Deep Seabed (GOODS) Biogeographic Classification. Paris, UNESCO-IOC, IOC Technical Series No. 84, 87p. http://www.iode.org/index.php?option=com_oe&task=viewDocumentRecord&docID=3931

Scanlon, K. M., Coleman, F.C. and Koenig, C.C., 2005, Pockmarks on the outer shelf in the northern Gulf of Mexico: gas-release features or habitat modifications by fish? Pages 301-312 in P. W. Barnes and J. P. Thomas, editors. Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 41, Bethesda, Maryland.

National Research Council, 2002, Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 107p.


Publications by Topic

Drake Passage, Southern Ocean

Burke, A., Robinson, L.F., McNichol, A.P., Jenkins, W.J., Scanlon, K.M. and Gerlach, D.S., 2010, Reconnaissance dating: a new, rapid radiocarbon method applied to assess the temporal and spatial distribution of Southern Ocean deep-sea corals. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, v.57, iss. 11, p. 1510-1520.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967063710001627

Waller, R.G., Scanlon, K.M., and Robinson, L.F., 2011, Cold-water coral distributions in the Drake Passage area from towed camera observations – initial interpretations. PLoS-One v.6, iss.1, p. 1-9. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0016153


Cold-Water Coral Geographic Database

Scanlon, K.M., and Ackerman, S.D., 2004, Geographic database of deep-water coral habitats off eastern and southern United States. GeoHab Meeting, 5-7 May 2004, Galway, Ireland. Poster published on web: http://www.nuigalway.ie/faculties_departments/earth_and_ocean_sciences/DWCposter_Scanlon.pdf

Scanlon, K.M., Waller, R.G., Sirotek, A.R., Knisel, J.M., O’Malley,  J.J., and Alesandrini, S., 2010, USGS Cold-Water Coral Geographic Database – Gulf of Mexico and Western North Atlantic, Version 1.0, U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report OF2008- 1351. (Dir. App. 15Jul10) http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1351/title_page.html

Oculina Bank

Scanlon, K.M., 1999, Oculina Bank: Geology of a Deep-water Coral Reef Habitat off Florida. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS108-99.

Scanlon, K.M., Briere, P.R., and Koenig, C.C., 1999, Oculina Bank: Sidescan-sonar and Sediment Data from a Deep-water Coral Reef Habitat off East-central Florida. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 99-10, CD-ROM. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1999/of99-010/htm/einterp.htm

Koenig, C.C., Coleman, F.C., Grimes, C.B., Fitzhugh, G.R., Scanlon, K.M., Gledhill, C.T., and Grace, M., 2000, Protection of fish spawning habitat for the conservation of warm-temperate reef-fish fisheries of shelf-edge reefs of Florida: Bulletin of Marine Sciences, 66(3):593-616.

Reed, J. K., Shepard, A. N., Koenig, C. C., Scanlon, K. M. and Gilmore, R. G., Jr., 2005, Mapping, habitat characterization, and fish surveys of the deep-water Oculina coral reef Marine Protected Area: a review of historical and current research. in: Freiwald, A. and J.M. Roberts (eds), 2005, Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 443-465.

Koenig, C.C., Shepard, A.N., Reed, J.K., Coleman, F.C., Brooke, S.D., Brusher, John, and Scanlon, K.M., 2005, Habitat and fish populations in the deep-sea Oculina coral ecosystem of the western Atlantic. Pages 795-805 in P. W. Barnes and J. P. Thomas, editors. Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 41, Bethesda, Maryland.

Gulf of Mexico: Sedimentary Environments of the Outer Shelf

Scanlon, K.M., 1999, Geology of Shelf-edge Habitats of the West Florida Shelf. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS109-99. http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs109-99/

Scanlon K.M., 2000, Surficial Seafloor Geology of a Shelf-edge Area off West Florida. in: Briere, P.R., Scanlon K.M., Gledhill, C.T., Koenig C.C., and Fitzhugh, Gary 2000. West Florida Shelf: Sidescan-sonar and sediment data from shelf-edge habitats in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 99-589. CD-ROM. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1999/of99-589/

Briere, P.R., Scanlon K.M., Gledhill, C.T., Koenig C.C., and Fitzhugh, Gary, 2000, West Florida Shelf: Sidescan-sonar and sediment data from shelf-edge habitats in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 99-589. CD-ROM http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1999/of99-589/

Capone, M.K., Swift, B.A., and Scanlon, K.M., 2002, Archive of Chirp Subbottom Data Collected During USGS Cruise ORGN00005 northeastern Gulf of Mexico, 15 February - 2 March 2000. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-45, 2 DVD-ROM set.

Scanlon, K.M., Ackerman, S.D., and Rozycki, J.E., 2003, Texture, Carbonate Content, and Preliminary Maps of Surficial Sediments of the Flower Garden Banks Area, Northwestern Gulf of Mexico Outer Shelf. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-02, CD-ROM.

Scanlon, K.M., Ackerman, S.D., and Rozycki, J.E., 2005, Sedimentary Environments of East and West Flower Garden Banks area. Gulf of Mexico Science, v.23, no. 1, p 115-123.

Seafloor Mapping, Effects of Trawling, and other Seafloor Habitat-related Topics

National Research Council, 2002, Effects of Trawling and Dredging on Seafloor Habitat, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 107p.

Scanlon, K.M., 2002. Comments on “The Physical Environment Affected by Shrimp Trawling in the Northern and Western Gulf”, solicited by Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-317, 3p.

Valentine, P.C., Cochrane, Guy, and Scanlon, K.M., 2003, Mapping the seabed and habitats in national marine sanctuaries – examples from the East, Gulf, and West Coasts. Marine Technology Society Journal, v.37, no.1, p.10-17.

Scanlon, K.M., Koenig, C.C., Coleman, F.C., and Miller, M., 2002, Importance of geology to fisheries management: examples from the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings: Gulf of Mexico Fish and Fisheries: Bringing Together New and Recent Research, Minerals Management Service OCS Study, MMS 2002-004, CD-ROM

Scanlon, K.M., Koenig, C.C., Coleman, F.C., and Miller, M., 2003, Importance of geology to fisheries management: examples from the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. In: Stanley, D. and Scarborough-Bull, A., Fisheries, Reefs and Offshore Development, American Fisheries Society Symposium 36, p.95-99.

Steele, John, Roberts, S.J., Alverson, D.L., Auster, Peter, Collie, Jeremy, DeAlteris, J.T., Deegan, Linda, Escobar, E.B., Hall, S.J., Kruse, G.H., Pomeroy, Caroline, Scanlon, K.M., and Weeks, Priscilla, 2005, National Research Council study on the effects of trawling and dredging on seafloor habitat. Pages 91-99 in P. W. Barnes and J. P. Thomas, editors. Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 41, Bethesda, Maryland.

UNESCO, 2009, Global Open Oceans and Deep Seabed (GOODS) Biogeographic Classification. Paris, UNESCO-IOC, IOC Technical Series No. 84, 87p. http://www.iode.org/index.php?option=com_oe&task=viewDocumentRecord&docID=3931

Pockmarks, Fish Pits, and Habitat Engineers

Scanlon, K.M., and Knebel, H.J., 1989, Pockmarks in the floor of Penobscot Bay, Maine: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 9, p. 53-58.

Coleman, F.C., Koenig, C.C., Miller, M.W., Heppell, S.A., Heppell, S.S. and Scanlon, K.M., 2005, Fishing effects on habitat: The potential consequences of removing such habitat engineers as red grouper Epinephelus morio. Pages 245-246 in P. W. Barnes and J. P. Thomas, editors. Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 41, Bethesda, Maryland.

Scanlon, K. M., F. C. Coleman, and C. C. Koenig, 2005, Pockmarks on the outer shelf in the northern Gulf of Mexico: gas-release features or habitat modifications by fish? Pages 301-312 in P. W. Barnes and J. P. Thomas, editors. Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 41, Bethesda, Maryland.

Coleman, F.C., Koenig, C.C. Scanlon, K.M., Heppell, Scott, Heppell, Selina, and Miller, M., 2010, Benthic habitat modification through excavation by red grouper Epinephelus morio in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. The Open Fish Science Journal, v.3 p.1-15. http://www.marinelab.fsu.edu/faculty/papers/1TOFISHSJ.pdf

Coleman, F.C., Scanlon, K.M., and Koenig, C.C., 2011, Groupers on the Edge: Shelf-edge Spawning Habitat in and Around Marine Reserves of the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Professional Geographer, p.1-18.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00330124.2011.585076


U.S. Atlantic Continental Margin

Lewis, R.S., Sylwester, R.E., Aaron, J.M., Twichell, D.C., and Scanlon, K.M.,1980, Shallow sedimentary framework and related potential geologic hazards of the Georges Bank area, in Aaron, J.M., ed., Environmental geologic studies in the Georges Bank area, United States northeastern Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf, 1975-1977: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-240.

Scanlon, K.M., 1982, Geomorphic features of the western North Atlantic Continental Slope between Northeast Channel and Alvin Canyon as interpreted from GLORIA II long-range sidescan-sonar data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-728, 10 p., 1 map sheet. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1982/0728/report.pdf

Scanlon, K.M., 1982, GLORIA sidescan and seismic data collected by the DESV STARELLA along the Continental Slope and upper Continental Rise of the eastern United States in 1979: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-1095, 3 p.

Scanlon, K.M., 1984, The Continental Slope off New England: A long-range sidescan-sonar perspective: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 4, p. 1-4.

Scanlon, K.M., 1984, Physiography of the New England Continental Slope based on GLORIA II long-range sidescan-sonar data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-485, 20 p., 2 plates. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1984/0485/report.pdf

EEZ-SCAN 87 Scientific Staff, 1991, Atlas of the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, Atlantic Continental Margin: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series I-2054, 174p., scale 1:500,000.

Dillon, W.P., Risch, J.S., Scanlon, K.M., Valentine, P.C., and Huggett, Q.J.,1993, Ancient crustal fractures control the location and size of collapsed blocks at the Blake Escarpment, east of Florida. In: Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., and Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine Landslides: Selected Studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, USGS Bulletin 2002, p. 54-59.

Penobscot Bay Geology

Knebel, H.J., and Scanlon, K.M., 1985, Sedimentary framework of Penobscot Bay, Maine: Marine Geology, v. 65, p. 305-324.

Knebel, H.J., and Scanlon, K.M., 1985, Maps showing sea-floor topography, depth to bedrock, and sediment thickness, Penobscot Bay, Maine: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1751.

Scanlon, K.M., and Knebel, H.J., 1989, Pockmarks in the floor of Penobscot Bay, Maine: Geo-Marine Letters, v. 9, p. 53-58.

Caribbean Tectonics and Geophysics

Scanlon, K.M., 1986, Magnetic and Bathymetric Data from R/V FARNELLA Cruise FRNL 85-4 in the Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-399, 2p.

Edgar, N.T., and Scanlon, K.M., 1987, Single-channel seismic-reflection profiles collected aboard R/V Powell, Cruises P-2-85, p-3-85, and P-4-85, in the near-shore waters around Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-147, 3p.

EEZ-SCAN 85 Scientific Staff, 1987, Atlas of the Exclusive Economic Zone, Eastern Caribbean: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series I-1864B, 58p., scale 1:500,000.

Scanlon, K.M., Masson, D.G., and Rodriguez, R.W., 1988, GLORIA sidescan-sonar survey of the EEZ of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands: Transactions of the 11th Caribbean Geological Conference, Barbados, p. 32:1-32:9.

Dillon, W.P., Edgar, N.T., Scanlon, K.M., and Klitgord, K.D., 1988, Geology of the Caribbean: Oceanus v. 30, no. 4, p. 42-52.

Edgar, N.T., Parson, L.M., Dillon, W.P., Jacobs, C., Scanlon, K.M., and Hill, G.W., 1988, GLORIA survey of the Cayman Trough: a preliminary report: Transactions of the 11th Caribbean Geological Conference, Barbados, p. 31:1-31:8.

Masson, D.G. and Scanlon, K.M., 1991, The neotectonic setting of Puerto Rico: GSA Bulletin, v. 103, no. 1, p. 144-154.

Jacobs, C.L., Edgar, N.T., Parson, L.M., Dillon, W.P., Scanlon, K.M., and Holcombe, T.L., 1989, A revised bathymetry of the Mid-Cayman Rise and Central Cayman Trough using long-range sidescan sonar, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, U.K., Report No. 272, 9 p. and map.

Edgar, N.T., Dillon, W.P., Parson, L.M., Scanlon, K.M., Jacobs, C., and Holcombe, T.L., 1990, GLORIA sidescan-sonar image and interpretation of the central Cayman Trough, northwestern Caribbean Sea, U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Field Studies Map, MF-2083 A.

Dillon, W.P., Edgar, N.T., Parson, L.M., Scanlon, K.M., Driscoll, G., and Jacobs, C.L., 1990. Magnetic Anomaly Map of the Central Cayman Trough, Northwestern Caribbean Sea. USGS MF 2083-B.

Jany, I., Scanlon, K.M., and Mauffret, A., 1990, Geological Interpretation of Combined SeaBeam, GLORIA, and Seismic Data from Anegada Passage (Virgin Islands, North Caribbean). Marine Geophysical Researches, v. 12, no. 4, p. 173-196.

Scanlon, K.M., 1990, Seismic-reflection and echo-sounder data from R/V FARNELLA cruise FRNL85-4 in the Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-38, 6 p. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1990/0038/report.pdf

Dillon, W.P., Scanlon, K.M., Austin, J.A., Jr. Edgar, N.T., Parson, L.M., and Ness, G.E.,1990, Morphology, structure and active tectonism of the insular margin off northwestern Hispaniola. in: Larue, D.K. and Draper, Grenville, eds., Transactions of the 12th Caribbean Geological Conference (St. Croix), Miami Geological Society, South Miami, FL, p. 133-142.

Edgar, N.T., Parson, L.M., Dillon, W.P., Scanlon, K.M., and Jacobs, C., and Holcombe, T.L., 1990, Structure and Spreading History of the Central Cayman Trough. in: Larue, D.K. and Draper, Grenville, eds., Transactions of the 12th Caribbean Geological Conference (St. Croix), Miami Geological Society, South Miami, FL, p. 33-42.

Schwab, W.C., Danforth, W.W., Scanlon, K.M., and Masson, D.G., 1991, A giant slope failure on the northern insular slope of Puerto Rico: Marine Geology, v. 96, p. 237-246.

Dillon, W.P., Austin, J. A. Jr., Scanlon, K.M., Edgar, N.T. and Parson, L.M.,1992, Accretionary margin of northwestern Hispaniola: morphology, structure and development of part of the northern Caribbean plate boundary. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v.6, p.70-88.

Scanlon, K.M., and Masson, D.G., 1992, Fe-Mn nodule field indicated by GLORIA, north of the Puerto Rico Trench. Geo-Marine Letters, v. 12, p. 208-213.

Schwab, W.C., Danforth, W.W., and Scanlon, K.M., 1993, Tectonic and stratigraphic control on submarine slope failure in a lithospheric plate boundary: Puerto Rico insular slope. In: Schwab, W.C., Lee, H.J., and Twichell, D.C., eds., Submarine Landslides: Selected Studies in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, USGS Bulletin 2002 p. 60-68.

Masson, D.G. and Scanlon, K.M., 1993, Reply to comment on “Fe-Mn nodule field indicated by GLORIA, north of the Puerto Rico Trench. GeoMarine Letters, v.13, p. 244-247.

Scanlon, K.M. and Masson, D.G., 1996, Sedimentary processes in a tectonically active region - Puerto Rico north insular slope. in: Gardner, J.V., Field, M., and Twichell, D.C., eds, Geology of the U.S. Seafloor: the View from GLORIA, Cambridge University Press. p.123-134.

Dillon, W.P., Edgar, N.T., Scanlon, K.M., and Coleman, D.F., 1996, A review of the tectonic problems of the strike-slip northern boundary of the Caribbean Plate and examination by GLORIA. in: Gardner, J.V., Field, M., and Twichell, D.C., eds, Geology of the U.S. Seafloor: the View from GLORIA, Cambridge University Press. p.135-164.

Twichell, D.C., Scanlon, K.M. and Dillon, W.P., 1996, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean EEZ. in: Gardner, J.V., Field, M., and Twichell, D.C., eds, Geology of the U.S. Seafloor: the View from GLORIA, Cambridge University Press. p.81-83.

Puerto Rico: Geology of the Insular Shelf and Terrestrial Areas

Rodriguez, R. W., Webb, R. M., Bush, D. M., and Scanlon, K.M., 1992, Marine geologic map of the north insular shelf of Puerto Rico: Rio Bayamon to Rio Grande de Loiza. U.S. Geological Survey Misc. Investigations Series Map I-2207, scale 1:40,000. http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Prodesc/proddesc_10188.htm

Trias, J.L. and Scanlon, K.M., 1992, High-resolution seismic-reflection and echo-sounder data from cruise JENA 91-11 on the south shelf of Puerto Rico - Isla Caja de Muertos and Salinas to Jobos areas. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 92-513, 2p. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1992/0513/report.pdf

Trias, J.L., Scanlon, K.M., and Uchupi, Elazar, 1992, Marine geologic map of the Puerto Rico insular shelf, Isla Caja de Muertos area, Administrative report to the Puerto Rico Department of Natural Resources. Scale 1:40,000, 10 p.

Scanlon, K.M., Trias, J.L., and Uchupi, Elazar, 1992, Marine geologic map of the Puerto Rico insular shelf, Salinas to Jobos area, Administrative report to the Puerto Rico Department of Natural Resources. Scale 1:40,000, 10 p.

Schwab, W.C., Rodriguez, R.W., Richmond, B.R., Shinn, E.A. and Scanlon, K.M., 1996, The U.S. Geological Survey coastal resources program in Puerto Rico: Proceedings of the 1993 Annual EEZ Symposium, U.S. Geological Survey Circular.

Scanlon, K.M. and Briere, P. R., 2000, Puerto Rico: Marine sediment database, terrestrial and seafloor imagery, and tectonic interpretations. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 00-006. CD-ROM.

Scanlon, K.M., DaSilva, J.L., and Reynolds, J.M., 2000, Surficial seafloor sediment database of the Puerto Rico insular shelf. in: Scanlon, K.M. and Briere, P. R., 2000, Puerto Rico: Marine sediment database, terrestrial and seafloor imagery, and tectonic interpretations. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 00-006.

Briere, P.R. and Scanlon, K.M., 2000, Lineaments and lithology derived from a side-looking airborne radar image of Puerto Rico. in: Scanlon, K.M. and Briere, P. R., 2000, Puerto Rico: Marine sediment database, terrestrial and seafloor imagery, and tectonic interpretations. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 00-006.

Scanlon, K.M., 2001, Side-looking airborne radar mosaic of Puerto Rico, in: Bawiec, W.J., Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Mineral Occurrences and Mineral Resource Assessment for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, USGS Open File Report 98-38, 6 ms. p., 2 maps,1:200,000 scale.

Scanlon, K.M., Rodriguez, R.W., Trias, J.L., and Delorey, C.M., 2001, Offshore sediments and sand and gravel resources on the insular shelf of Puerto Rico, in: Bawiec, W.J., Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Mineral Occurrences and Mineral Resource Assessment for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, USGS Open File Report 98-38, 20 ms. p., 1 map, 1:200,000 scale.

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