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Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center > Sediment Transport Instrumentation Facility (STIF) > Projects

Sediment Transport Instrumentation Facility (STIF)


Projects

Recent field experiments carried out by the Sediment Transport Instrumentation Facility (STIF) include observations offshore of barrier islands and headlands; observations on barrier islands; observations in estuaries; observations in shelf environments; and process studies of sediment transport in the bottom boundary layer.  Experiments typically involved deployment of an array of a variety of instrument systems for several months and were carried out along the U.S. east coast and in the Gulf of Mexico.  Links to information on our latest projects (in progress in 2015) are below: 

Estuarine physical response to storms (Barnegat Bay, New Jersey;  Chincoteague Bay, Maryland;  and Jamaica Bay, New York), 2013-2015

Observations of bottom stress at the Martha’s Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO), Massachusetts, 2014-2015

Real-time observations of sediment resuspension in the Gulf of Maine and implications for Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), 2013 – 2016

2010-2014: project summaries and related products

2014:  Oceanographic measurements nearshore of Fire Island, New York

An oceanographic field study during February through May 2014 investigated processes that control the sediment-transport dynamics along the western part of Fire Island, New York.  The deployment consisted of nine instrumented platforms positioned on the sea floor. Instruments were deployed at six sites along the 10-m isobath to measure ocean circulation and variations of waves along the coast, and at two offshore sites to measure changes in the cross-shore direction. Waves and currents were measured at one deeper location. Surface buoys were deployed to mark all sites; three buoys were outfitted with a suite of meteorological sensors to determine local atmospheric conditions, gradients and forcing.

  • Armstrong, B.N., Warner, J.C., List, J.H., Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., Traykovski, Peter, and Voulgaris, George, 2015, Coastal Change Processes Project data report for oceanographic observations near Fire Island, New York, February through May 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1033, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151033.
  • Armstrong, B.N., Warner, J.C., List, J.H., Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., 2015, Oceanographic measurements -- Fire Island, NY, nearshore, 2014: U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7GH9G0B.
  • Warner, J.C., List, J.J., Schwab, W.C., and Hapke, C.J., 2014, USGS Deploys Oceanographic Gear Offshore of Fire Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Sound Waves Newsletter, Jan./Feb. 2014, http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2014/02/spotlight3.html

2013:  Oceanographic and water-quality measurements in Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge, Wells, Maine, 2013

Observations of suspended-sediment concentration and water flow rates were made in the tidal channels of the wetlands in the Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge in Wells, Maine. The objective was to characterize the sediment-transport mechanisms that contribute to the net sediment budget of the wetland complex. A meteorological tower, optical turbidity sensors, and acoustic velocity meters were deployed at sites on Stephens Brook and the Ogunquit River between March 27 and December 9, 2013.

  • Montgomery, E.T., Ganju, N.K., Dickhudt, P.J., Borden, Jonathan, Martini, M.A., and Brosnahan. S.M., 2015, Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements in Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge, Wells, Maine, in 2013: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1072, 18 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151072.
  • Montgomery, E.T., Ganju, N.K., Dickhudt, P.J., Borden, Jonathan, Martini, M.A., and Brosnahan, S.M., 2015, Oceanographic and water-quality measurements in Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge, Wells, Maine, 2013: U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7ST7MWS.

2013:  Oceanographic measurements for characterizing light attenuation and sediment resuspension in the Barnegat Bay - Little Egg Harbor estuary, New Jersey

Observations light attenuation and sediment resuspension were made in three seagrass meadows in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, by sequentially deploying instrumentation measuring photosynthetically active radiation, chlorophyll-a (chl-a) fluorescence, dissolved organic matter fluorescence (fDOM; a proxy for colored DOM absorbance), turbidity, pressure, and water velocity at 10 min intervals over three week periods at each site.

  • Dickhudt, P.J., Ganju, N.K., and Montgomery, E.T. 2015, Summary of Oceanographic measurements for characterizing light attenuation and sediment resuspension in the Barnegat Bay- Little Egg Harbor estuary, New Jersey, 2013: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report.
  • Dickhudt, P.J., Ganju, N.K., Montgomery, E.T., and Martini, M.A., 2015, Oceanographic measurements for characterizing light attenuation and sediment resuspension in the Barnegat Bay - Little Egg Harbor estuary, New Jersey, 2013: U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7GB224S.
Deploying an instrumented minipod South of Fire Island, NY

Deploying an instrumented minipod South of Fire Island, NY.

Buoy with meteorological sensors that send data to shore via satellite deployed south of Fire Island, NY in 2012.

Buoy with meteorological sensors that send data to shore via satellite deployed south of Fire Island, NY in 2012.

 

Inspecting an instrumented platform in Stevens Creek, Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge, Wells, ME

Inspecting an instrumented platform in Stevens Creek, Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge, Wells, ME

 Investigators prepare to place a Shallow Water Irradience Platform (SWIP) at a site in Barnegat Bay, NJ.

Investigators prepare to place a Shallow Water Irradience Platform (SWIP) at a site in Barnegat Bay, NJ.

2013:  Water level measurements on Dauphin Island, Alabama

Observations of atmospheric pressure, water levels, and waves were made on Dauphin Island, Alabama using simple, inexpensive pressure sensors mounted in shallow wells buried in the beach.  The observations were made throughout the hurricane season.  Direct water-level measurements on barrier islands during storms are somewhat uncommon because equipment is often lost, buried, or destroyed during these high-energy events.

  • Dickhudt, P.J., Sherwood, C.R., and Dewitt, N.T., 2015, Water-level measurements in Dauphin Island, Alabama, from the 2013 Hurricane Season: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1245, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141245.
  • Dickhudt, P., Sherwood, C., Dewitt, N., 2014, USGS Water Level Measurements in Dauphin Island, Alabama from Hurricane Season 2013, U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://stellwagen.er.usgs.gov/DAUPHIN.html

2012-2013:  Water level measurements in the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana

Atmospheric pressure, water levels, and waves were in the Chandeleur Islands, Louisiana, during 2012 and 2013 using simple, inexpensive pressure sensors mounted in shallow wells buried in the beach during for one hurricane season and one winter-storm season. Gauges with rapid-sampling pressure sensors that provided non-directional wave data and water-level data were mounted on rugged mounts on the Chandeleur Sound side and at the base of a tower at the northern end of the island chain. Local atmospheric pressure was measured for correcting the submerged pressure records.

2012: Oceanographic measurements offshore of Fire Island, New York

An oceanographic field study investigated processes that control the sediment-transport dynamics near Fire Island, New York during January through April 2012.  This experiment focused on an area near the western end of the island where offshore sand ridges extend across the inner continental shelf and connect to the nearshore bar system.  Bottom instrument systems were deployed at 7 sites and marked with surface buoys.  A meteorological station was deployed on one of the surface buoys.

  • Armstrong, B.N., Warner, J.C., List, J.H., Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., Voulgaris, George, and Traykovski, P.A., 2014, Coastal Change Processes Project data report for observations near Fire Island, New York, January to April 2012: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1159, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20141159.
  • Armstrong, B.N., Warner, J.C., List, J.H., Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., 2012, Oceanographic measurements-- Fire Island, NY, offshore, 2012, http://stellwagen.er.usgs.gov/FIREISLAND12.html
  • Martini, M., Warner, J.C., List, J., Armstrong, B., Voulgaris, G. and Sch2ab, B., 2012, Collecting ocean-circulation and sediment transport data offshore of Fire Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Sound Waves Newsletter, July/August 2012, http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2012/08/fieldwork2.html

2011:  Oceanographic and Water-Quality Measurements near the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland

Observation of suspended-sediment concentration in the tidal channels were made to understand the magnitude of suspended-sediment concentrations, the sediment-transport mechanisms, and differences between two marsh areas, one that subsided and one that maintained elevation. Optical turbidity sensors and acoustic velocity meters were deployed at multiple sites over two periods in 2011.

  • Ganju, N.K., Dickhudt, P.J., Montgomery, E.T., Brennand, Patrick, Derby, R.K, Brooks, T.W., Guntenspergen, G.R., Martini, M.A., Borden, Jonathan, and Baldwin, S.M., 2012, Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements near the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1099, http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1099/.
  • Dickhudt, P.J., Ganju, N.K.,Montgomery, E.T., Brennand, Patrick, Derby, R.K, Brooks, T.W., Guntenspergen, G.R., Martini, M.A., Borden, Jonathan, and Baldwin, S.M., 2012, Oceanographic and water-quality measurements near the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, 2011: U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://stellwagen.er.usgs.gov/bw2011.html

2011:  Optics Acoustics and Stress In Situ (OASIS) Project at Martha’s Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO), Massachusetts

A tripod-mounted profiler that moved a package of optical and acoustic sensors up and down through the bottom 2 meters of the water column was designed, built, and deployed at the Martha's Vineyard Coastal Observatory (MVCO) in September – October 2011.  To accommodate power requirements and the large data files recorded by some of the optical instruments, the tripod was connected via underwater cable MVCO, operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).

  • Sherwood, C.R., Dickhudt, P.J., Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., and Boss, E.S., 2012, Profile measurements and data From the 2011 Optics, Acoustics, and Stress In Situ (OASIS) project at the Martha's Vineyard Coastal Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012-1178, http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1178/.
  • Dickhudt, P.J., Sherwood, C.R., Martini, M.A., and Montgomery, E.T., 2012, Near-seabed Oceanographic Observations made as part of the 2011 OASIS Project at the MVCO: U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://stellwagen.er.usgs.gov/mvco_11.html
  • Sherwood, C.R., 2011, Mechanical Arm + Internet = Realtime Profiles of Particles Near the Seafloor: U.S. Geological Survey Sound Waves Newsletter, Nov./Dec. 2011, http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2011/11/fieldwork2.html.

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