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References Cited

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References Cited

Danforth, W.W., 1997, Xsonar/ShowImage: A complete system for rapid sidescan-sonar processing and display: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-686, p. 99.

Duncan, C.S., Goff, J.A., Austin, J.A., Jr., Fulthorpe, C.S., 2000, Tracking the last sea-level cycle: Seafloor morphology and shallow stratigraphy of the latest Quaternary New Jersey middle continental shelf: Marine Geology, v. 170, p. 395-421.

Gayes, P.T., and Bokuniewicz, H.J., 1991, Estuarine paleoshorelines in Long Island Sound, New York: Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue no. 11, p. 39-54.

Gustavson, T.C., and Boothroyd, J.C., 1987, A depositional model for outwash, sediment sources, and hydrologic characteristics, Malaspina Glacier, Alaska: A modern analog of the southeastern margin of the Laurentide ice sheet: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 99, no. 2, p. 187-200.

Knebel, H.J., Needell, S.W., and O'Hara, C.J., 1982, Modern sedimentary environments on the Rhode Island Inner Shelf, off the eastern United States: Marine Geology, v. 49, p. 241-256.

Knebel, H.J., Poppe, L.J., and Cross, V.A., 2000, Regional distribution of sea-floor sedimentary environments in Long Island Sound, in Paskevich, V.F., and Poppe, L.J., Georeferenced sea-floor mapping and bottom photography in Long Island Sound: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-304, chap. 3, available online at

McMaster, R.L., 1960, Sediments of Narragansett Bay system and Rhode Island Sound, Rhode Island: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 30, no. 2, p. 249-274.

McMaster, R.L., and Garrison, L.E., 1967, A submerged Holocene shoreline near Block Island, Rhode Island: Journal of Geology, v. 75, p. 335-340.

McMaster, R.L., LaChance, T.P., and Garrison, L.E., 1968, Seismic-reflection studies in Block Island and Rhode Island Sounds: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 52, no. 3, p. 465-474.

McMullen, K.Y., Poppe, L.J., Twomey, E.R., Danforth, W.W., Haupt, T.A., and Crocker, J.M., 2007, Sidescan-sonar imagery, multibeam bathymetry, and surficial geologic interpretations of the sea floor in Rhode Island Sound, off Sakonnet Point, Rhode Island: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1150, DVD-ROM; also available online at

McMullen, K.Y., Poppe, L.J., Denny, J.F., Haupt, T.A., and Crocker, J.M., 2008, Sidescan-sonar imagery and surficial geologic interpretations of the sea floor in central Rhode Island Sound: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1366, DVD-ROM; also available online at

National Oceanic and Atmospherica Administration, 2004, Data acquisition and processing report to accompany 2004 hydrographic surveys, NOAA Ship RUDE (s590): National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service (NOS), Norfolk, Va.  

Needell, S.W., O'Hara, C.J., and Knebel, H.J., 1983a, Quaternary geology of the Rhode Island inner shelf: Marine Geology, v. 53, p. 41-53.

Needell, S.W., O'Hara, C.J., and Knebel, H.J., 1983b, Maps showing geology and shallow structure of western Rhode Island Sound, Rhode Island: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1537, 4 sheets.

Needell, S.W., O'Hara, C.J., and Knebel, H.J., 1983c, High-resolution seismic-reflection profiles and sidescan-sonar records collected on western Rhode Island Sound, R/V Neecho Cruise NE-80-1: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-0803, available online at

Poppe, L.J., Paskevich, V.F., Williams, S.J., Hastings, M.E., Kelly, J.T., Belknap, D.F., Ward, L.G., FitzGerald, D.M., and Larsen, P.F., 2003, Surficial sediment data from the Gulf of Maine, Georges Bank, and vicinity: A GIS compilation: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-001, CD-ROM; also available online at

Uchupi, E., Giese, G.S., Aubrey, D.G., and Kim, D.J., 1996, The Late Quaternary construction of Cape Cod, Massachusetts: A reconsideration of the W.M. Davis Model: Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 309, 69 p.

Uchupi, E., Driscoll, N., Ballard, R.D., and Bolmer, S.T., 2001, Drainage of late Wisconsin glacial lakes and the morphology and late quaternary stratigraphy of the New Jersey-southern New England continental shelf and slope: Marine Geology, v. 172, p. 117-145.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 2004, Draft environmental assessment and findings of no significant impact: Proposed change to ongoing maintenance dredging of the Providence River and Harbor Federal Navigation Project, Providence, Rhode Island, New England District, Concord, Massachusetts, November 2004, available online at

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2004, Ocean disposal: Designation of a dredged material disposal site in Rhode Island Sound: Federal Register, December 16, 2004, v. 69, no. 241, available online at

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