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Factsheet by WHCMSC Authors for the year



Hapke, C.J., and Thieler, E.R., 2011, USGS Science for the Nation's Changing Coasts: Shoreline Change Research: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3073 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3073
The demands of increasing human population in the coastal zone create competition with coastal habitat preservation and with recreational and commercial uses of the coast and nearshore waters. As climate changes over the coming century, these problems facing coastal communities will likely worsen. Good management and policy decision-making require baseline information on the rates, trends, and scientific understanding of the processes of coastal change on a regional to national scale. To address this need, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is engaged in a research project of national scope to measure, report, and interpret historical shoreline change along open-ocean coasts of the United States. One of the primary goals of this project is to understand shoreline change hazards using methods that are comparable from one area of the country to another and that will allow for future, repeatable analyses of shoreline movement, coastal erosion, and land loss.
Thieler, E.R, and Hapke, C.J., 2011, USGS Science for the Nation's Changing Coasts: Shoreline Change Assessment: U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3074 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3074/
Lightsom, Frances L., and Allwardt, Alan O., 2009, How to use the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2009-3083 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2009/3083/
Kroeger, Kevin D., Swarzenski, Peter W., Crusius, John, Bratton, John F., and Charette, Matthew A., 2007, Submarine ground-water discharge; nutrient loading and nitrogen transformations: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2006-3110 . Online at http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/fs2006-3110/
Eutrophication of coastal waters due to nonpoint source land-derived nitrogen (N) loads is a worldwide phenomenon and perhaps the greatest agent of change altering coastal ecology (National Research Council, 2000; Howarth and others, 2000). Within the United States, a majority of estuaries have been determined to be moderately to severely impaired by eutrophication associated with increasing nutrient loads (Bricker and others, 1999). In coastal watersheds with soils of high hydraulic conductivity and permeable coastal sediments, ground water is a major route of transport of freshwater and its solutes from land to sea. Freshwater flowing downgradient from aquifers may either discharge from a seepage face near the intertidal zone, or flow directly into the sea as submarine ground-water discharge (SGD) (fig. 1). In the coastal aquifer, entrainment of saline pore water occurs prior to discharge, producing a gradient in ground-water salinity from land to sea, referred to as a subterranean estuary (Moore, 1999). In addition, processes including density-driven flow and tidal pumping create brackish and saline ground-water circulation. Hence, submarine ground-water discharge often consists of a substantial amount of recirculating seawater. Mixing of fresh and saline ground waters in the context of coastal sediments may alter the chemical composition of the discharging fluid. Depending on the biogeochemical setting, removal of fixed N due to processes leading to N2 (dinitrogen gas) production in the nearshore aquifer and subterranean estuary may significantly attenuate land-derived N loads; or, processes such as ion exchange and tidal pumping in the subterranean estuary may substantially accelerate the transport of both land-derived and sediment re-mineralized N to estuarine water columns. As emphasized by Burnett and others (2001, 2002), a fundamental problem in evaluating the importance of ground-water discharge in marine geochemical budgets is the difficulty of collecting samples across the salinity gradients of coastal aquifers. In addition, locating and quantifying rates of submarine ground-water discharge remains a challenge due to the diffuse and spatially and temporally heterogeneous nature of discharge. As a result, with regard to the study of biogeochemical cycles and chemical loads to coastal waters, the seepage face and subterranean estuary are relatively new and under-studied zones in the aquatic cascade from watershed to sea. Processes occurring in those zones must be understood and considered for proper modeling and management of coastal water resources.
Lightsom, Frances L., and Allwardt, Alan O., 2007, The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries; access to free online information for coastal and marine science: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3025 (supercedes FS-064-03) . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2007/3025/
Waite, William F., 2007, Thermal properties of methane gas hydrates: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3041 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2007/3041/
Barnhardt, Walter A., Andrews, Brian D.,, 2006, Mapping the seafloor geology offshore of Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2006-3042 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2006/3042/
Denny, Jane F., Baldwin, Wayne. E., Schwab, William C., Warner, John C., DeVoe, Richard M.,, 2005, South Carolina coastal erosion study: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005- 3041 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3041/
Sherwood, Christopher R.,, 2005, EuroSTRATAFORM - Po and Apennine sediment transport and accumulation experiment (PASTA): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005-3062
Sherwood, Christopher R., Warner, John C.,, 2005, Building a community sediment transport model: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005-3061 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3061/
Williams, Richard S., Jr., and Ferrigno, Jane G., 2005, Satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-2005-3056, Web Only, May 2002 (Supercedes USGS Fact Sheets 130-02, 133-99) . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3056/index.html
Williams, Richard S., Jr., Ferrigno, J.G., and Foley, K.M., 2005, Coastal-change and glaciological maps of Antarctica: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-2005-3055, Web Only, May 2005 (Supersedes USGS Fact Sheet 50-98) . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3055/
Schwab, William C., Haines, John W.,, 2004, The USGS role in mapping the nation's submerged lands: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2004-3082, September 2004
Marincioni, Fausto, Lightsom, Frances L., Raill, Rebecca L., Linck, Gunthrie A., Aldrich, Thomas C.,, 2003, The Marine Realm Information Bank; a coastal and marine digital library at USGS website; http://mrib.usgs.gov: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-064-03 (superceded by FS-2997-3025) . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs064-03/
Schwab, William C.,, 2003, The USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program - Woods Hole, Massachusetts - FY 2003: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Butman, Bradford,, 2002, Mapping the sea floor of the Historic Area Remediation Site (HARS) offshore of New York City: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-001-02 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs001-02/
Deusser, R., Schwab, W.P.,, 2002, The Sea-Floor Mapping Facility at the U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole Field Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-039-02 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs039-02/
Ferrigno, J.G., Williams, Richard S., Jr., Thomson, J.W.,, 2002, Coastal-change and glaciological maps of the Antarctic peninsula: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-017-02 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs17-02/
Schwab, W.C.,, 2002, Sand distribution on the inner shelf of Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-136-01 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs136-01/
Thieler, E.R., Williams, S.J., Beavers, R.,, 2002, Vulnerability of national parks to sea-level rise and coastal changes: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-095-02 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs095-02/
Valentine, P C, Blackwood, D.B., Parolski, K.F.,, 2002, Seabed observation and sampling system: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-142-00 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs142-00/
Dillon, W.P., Nealon, J.W.,, 2001, Earthquakes and Tsunamis in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-141-00 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs141-00/
Hutchinson, D.R., Schwarzman, B.,, 2001, Geology of the Woods Hole area, Massachusetts- the story behind the landscape: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-066-01
Valentine, P C,, 2001, Habitat geology studies on and near Georges Bank, off New England: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-061-01
Poore, R.Z., Williams, Richard S., Jr.,, 2000, Sea level and climate: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-002-00 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs2-00/
Thieler, E.R.,, 2000, National assessment of coastal vulnerability to future sea-level rise: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-076-00 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs76-00/
Butman, Bradford, Frye, D,, 1999, New approaches for coastal observatories: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet . Online at http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/operations/coastobs/
Manheim, F. T, Buchholtz ten Brink, M R, Mecray, E L,, 1999, Contaminated-sediment database development and assessment in Boston Harbor: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-078-99, March 1999, 3 figures . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs78-99/
Mecray, E L, Buchholtz ten Brink, M. R., Butman, Bradford,, 1999, Contaminants and marine geology in the New York Bight--modern sediment dynamics and a legacy for the future: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-114-99, May 1999 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs114-99/
Scanlon, K.M,, 1999, Geology of shelf-edge habitats of the West Florida Shelf: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-109-99 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs109-99/
Scanlon, K.M.,, 1999, Oculina Bank--Geology of a deep-water coral reef habitat off Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-108-99 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs108-99/
Butman, Bradford,, 1998, Mapping the sea-floor geology offshore of the New York - New Jersey metropolitan region: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-133-98 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs133-98/
Knebel, H.J.,, 1998, Sedimentary environments in Long Island Sound--a guide to sea-floor management in a large urbanized estuary: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-041-98, 2 sheets, 4 illustrations . Online at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs04198
Mecray, Ellen L, Buchholtz ten Brink, M R,, 1998, Contaminant distribution and accumulation in sediments of Long Island Sound - initial results: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-113-99, May 1999, 2 p., 5 figures. . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs113-99/
Poag, C. Wylie,, 1998, The Chesapeake Bay bolide impact--A new view of coastal plain evolution: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-049-98 . Online at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs04998
Signell, R.,, 1998, Predicting the impact of relocating Boston's sewage oufall - effluent dilution simulations in Massachusetts Bay: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-185-97 . Online at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs18597
Valentine, P.C, Butman, Bradford,, 1998, Mapping the sea-floor and biological habitats of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary region: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-078-98 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs78-98/
Williams, Richard S., Jr., and Ferrigno, J.G., 1998, Coastal-change and glaciological maps of Antarctica: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-050-98 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs50-98/
Bothner, M.H.,, 1997, Metal concentrations in sediments of Boston Harbor and Massachusetts Bay documents environmental change: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-150-97 . Online at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs15097
Butman, Bradford, Bothner, M H,, 1997, Predicting the long-term fate of sediments and contaminants in Massachusetts Bay: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-172-97 . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs172-97/
Folger, D W, Colman, Steve M., Barnes, P,, 1996, Coastal erosion of southern Lake Michigan: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Butman, B,, 1995, Contaminant transport in Massachusetts Bay: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
List, J H,, 1995, Louisiana's Barrier Islands: a vanishing resource: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/barrier-islands/
Williams, S. Jeffress,, 1995, The Lake Pontchartrain Basin: Louisiana's troubled urban estuary: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/pontchartrain/
Williams, S. Jeffress,, 1995, Louisiana coastal wetlands: a resource at risk: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/la-wetlands/
Herring, J.R, Manheim, F.T, Bretz, B, Briggs, P.H,, 1994, Major and trace elements determined by inductively-coupled plasma spectroscopy and visual estimates of phosphate and other minerals in Neogene sediments, with special emphasis on phosphatic horizons, from the Georgia Continental Shelf - TACTS boreholes A,C,E,F and G: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-009
Schwab, W.C.,, 1994, High-energy storms shape Puerto Rico: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Bothner, M.H.,, 1993, Sewage contamination of the deep-sea floor Near the 106-Mile Dumpsite off New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Hutchinson, D., Colman, Steve M.,, 1993, Lake Baikal - a touchstone for global change and rift studies: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Dillon, William P.,, 1992, Gas (Methane) Hydrates -- A New Frontier: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Manheim, F T,, 1992, The legacy of contaminated sediments in Boston Harbor: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Valentine, P C,, 1992, Geology and the fishery of Georges Bank: U.S. Geological Survey Information Sheet
Hutchinson, D., and Collett, T.S., 0, USGS gas hydrate research: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet
Hutchinson, D., and Haines, J.W., 0, USGS Marine Geoscience and Law of the Sea: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet
Williams, Richard S., Jr., Ferrigno, J.G.,, 0, Satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world (Revision/update of 164): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-133-99 (superceded by 2005-3056) . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs133-99/
Williams, Richard S., Jr., Ferrigno, Jane G.,, 0, Satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, FS-130-02 (Superceded by 2005-3056) . Online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs130-02/
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Allwardt, Alan, , How to use the MRIB Electronic Index Card (EIC) Creation Utility:
Ruppel, C., , Gas Hydrate in Nature: U.S. Geologial Survey Fact Sheet
Ruppel, C., , The U.S. Geological Survey's Gas Hydrate Project: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet
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